Effects of the Facebook Boycott Campaign on Turkish Products and its Influence on Demand of Kurdish Consumers 2020

  • Hardawan Mahmoud Kakashekh Department of Media, College of Arts, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Erbil, Iraq http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8053-2338
  • Hersh Rasool Murad Department of Technical Media, Technical College of Administration, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5600-2169
  • Araz Ramazan Ahmad Department of Administration, College of Humanities, University of Raparin, Ranya, Iraq; Department of International Relations & Diplomacy, Faculty of Administrative Sciences and Economics, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4350-1086
  • Muhammad Saud Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Science, University of Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5739-7238
Keywords: Facebook, Boycott Campaign; Turkish products; Consumer demand, Iraqi Kurdistan.

Abstract

Boycotting is one of the most effective anti-consumption tactics used against practices deemed unethical or unjustifiable, and calling to boycott products through social media platforms has become a trend recently among young people. This paper studies the motives and causes of boycotting Turkish products among Iraqi Kurds and highlights the effects of the Facebook Boycott Campaign on Turkish products and Kurdish consumer demand. The research data has been collected through an online survey posted and published on several Facebook pages and groups in Iraqi Kurdistan. The findings from 1378 Facebook users who participated in the Facebook Boycott Campaign of Turkish products in Iraqi Kurdistan show that indirect support for Turkish policies to exterminate and invade Kurdish communities constitutes the leading cause of the Boycott Campaign. In addition, participation in the Facebook Boycott Campaign against Turkish products is considered a national duty more than an ethnic, ethical, religious, or other duty to humanity. The majority of participants believe that continuing to participate in the Facebook Boycott Campaign against Turkish products will have a huge impact on the Turkish economy and it is a warning to the Turkish government regarding its foreign policy towards Kurds.

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Author Biographies

Hardawan Mahmoud Kakashekh, Department of Media, College of Arts, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Erbil, Iraq

He is Assistant Professor at Salahaddin University-Erbil in Kurdistan Region of Iraq and Media Economist Researcher majoring in the relation between media and consumers. His researches concentrate on the media factors that influence consumer lifestyle decision making for consuming goods and services presented in the media particularly the consumables presented through the diverse media forms. 

Hersh Rasool Murad, Department of Technical Media, Technical College of Administration, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq

He is Assistant Professor at Sulaymaniyah Polytechnic University (SPU) in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region of Iraq and Media researcher specializing in the relationship between media and society. His researches focuses on the media factors that affect the individual's lifestyle in decision-making in all areas of society especially the functions of communication and media, ethical and legal principles for organizing the media profession. 

Araz Ramazan Ahmad, Department of Administration, College of Humanities, University of Raparin, Ranya, Iraq; Department of International Relations & Diplomacy, Faculty of Administrative Sciences and Economics, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq

He has PhD and is Lecturer and Researcher at both the University of Raparin and Tishk International University in Kurdistan Region of Iraq. In addition to that, he is a Digital Media and Political Communication Researcher. His researches focus on digital and social media with its correlation to political knowledge and digital political participation.

 

Muhammad Saud, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Science, University of Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

He is a young political researcher based in South and East Asia. He is the author of studies on Youth and political participation. He lectures in Sociology, worked in the development sectors (NGOs) and has contributed to a series of youth development projects and particularly on youth policy, youth manifesto for the Pakistan Tehreek e Insaf (PTI), youth advocacy, at the grassroots level. He is working with think tanks to promote youth as the main indicator of social change in the democratic society. He started his career from the spirit of volunteerism and got the Best Volunteer Award from Rozan Pakistan. He is currently engaged in funded projects with Indonesian and Malaysian Universities on the Democratic Practice and Youth political participation. He is also associated with national and international forums.

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Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Kakashekh, H., Murad, H., Ahmad, A., & Saud, M. (2021, June 30). Effects of the Facebook Boycott Campaign on Turkish Products and its Influence on Demand of Kurdish Consumers 2020. UKH Journal of Social Sciences, 5(1), 98-106. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25079/ukhjss.v5n1y2021.pp98-106
Section
Research Articles